厚重温县

  • 2016/10/8 15:39:34
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厚重温县

全国重点文物保护单位——慈胜寺



    温县历史文化悠久厚重,远在六千年前就有人类在这里活动,境内有十余处仰韶文化、龙山文化和二里头文化遗址,是黄河流域文化的发祥地之一,黄河文化、姓氏文化、怀药文化、太极拳文化在此交汇酝酿。
    温县是古国、古都、帝乡。约公元前21世纪,此地已建国,因境内有温泉,称温国。现在的招贤乡上苑村,曾是夏代温国的故都,也是西周至春秋时期的苏国都城。春秋晋国时置县,春秋战国时期,温城已是“富冠海内”的天下名都之一。温县是三国时期著名军事家司马懿的故乡,司马昭在现在的招贤村一带修建了晋王城,司马炎促民族一统建立了晋朝,因此而誉为“司马故里”和“帝乡”。
    温县名人文化影响深远,老子来到了东口村隐居悟道,卜子夏跟随着孔子传播儒学,程婴拯救了赵氏孤儿,司马懿修建了转兵洞,郭熙成就了山水画家一代宗师,陈王廷创编了太极拳,晚清三朝元老、三代帝师李棠阶促进了云南各民族的团结,世界考古学界大师董作宾被誉为“甲骨四堂”之一;儒、道、佛文化交融发展,修建于隋代的清凉寺、唐代的慈胜寺和元代的遇仙观,既印证了多元文化的繁荣,也传承了古代高超的建筑、书画和雕刻艺术;姓氏文化源远流长,是温、苏、邢、耿、覃、州、寇等姓氏的起源地,也是卜、石、常、蔡、傅、司马等姓氏的发祥地;农耕文化历史悠久,《左传》中就有中国最早有关小麦产地温县的记载,历代著名中药典籍均有“四大怀药”的记载,“四大怀药”被欧美、东南亚等国家誉为“华药”;太极拳文化博大精深,汲取了中国传统文化之精髓,深受世界推崇,是温县走向世界的名片。

 
    Wen County has a long history and rich culture. Far from 6000 years ago, there was the human activity. There are ten ruins of Yangshao,  Longshan and Erlitou civilizations. It is one of the origins of the Yellow river valley civilization. Yellow river civilization, family name civilization, Huai medicine civilization and Tai chi civilization are all mixed here.
    Wen is an ancient country, city and hometown of emperors. About the 21st century B. C., a nation has been founded here, it was named Wen because of the hot spring. The present Shangyuan village in Zhaoxian town was the capital of Wen in Xia dynasty and also the capital of Su in Western Zhou Dynasty to the Spring and Autumn period. The county was set in Jin state in Spring and Autumn period. At that time, Wen had already become one of the richest and most famous cities in the whole country. Wen is the hometown of the famous militarist Sima yi in Sanguo period. Sima zhao built the Jinwang city around the present Zhaoxian village. Sima yan helped to unite the nation and founded Jin dynasty. So it is known as “native place of Sima" and “home of emperors”.
    The influence of celebrity culture is lasting. Lao Tzu came to Dongkou village for seclusion and enlightenment. Bu Zixia followed Confucius to Spread Confucianism. Cheng Ying saved Zhao's orphan, Sima yi built a transfer hole for soldiers. Guo Xi became a great master of landscape painter. Chen Wangting created Tai chi. Li Tangjie who is the senior statesman of three dynasties and teacher of  three kings promoted the unity of each peoples in Yunnan; the world's archaeological master Dong Zuobin was known as one of "four masters on oracle bone inscriptions"; Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist cultures blended and developed. Qingliang temple built in Sui Dynasty, Tsisheng temple in Tang and Yuxian Taoist temple in Yuan not only indicate the prosperity of multiple culture, but also inherit the superb architecture, painting and sculpture. The culture of names has a long history. Wen is the origin of many family names as Wen, Su, Xing, Geng, Tan, Zhou, Kou, ect. It is also the birthplace of Bu, Shi, Chang, Cai, Fu, Sima, ect; farming culture has a long history, there are China's earliest records of wheat producing area Wen in Zuo Zhuan. Besides, there are records of "four Huai medicine" in almost all famous books on traditional Chinese medicine, "four Huai medicine" was called "Chinese medicine" in America, Europe and Southeast Asia and other countries. Tai chi culture is extensive and profound. It absorbs the essence of Chinese traditional culture and deeply admired by the world. In a word, Tai chi is the card of Wen reaching out to the world.
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