Wen County has a long history and rich culture. Far from 6000 years ago, there was the human activity. There are ten ruins of Yangshao, Longshan and Erlitou civilizations. It is one of the origins of the Yellow river valley civilization. Yellow river civilization, family name civilization, Huai medicine civilization and Tai chi civilization are all mixed here.
Wen is an ancient country, city and hometown of emperors. About the 21st century B. C., a nation has been founded here, it was named Wen because of the hot spring. The present Shangyuan village in Zhaoxian town was the capital of Wen in Xia dynasty and also the capital of Su in Western Zhou Dynasty to the Spring and Autumn period. The county was set in Jin state in Spring and Autumn period. At that time, Wen had already become one of the richest and most famous cities in the whole country. Wen is the hometown of the famous militarist Sima yi in Sanguo period. Sima zhao built the Jinwang city around the present Zhaoxian village. Sima yan helped to unite the nation and founded Jin dynasty. So it is known as “native place of Sima" and “home of emperors”.
The influence of celebrity culture is lasting. Lao Tzu came to Dongkou village for seclusion and enlightenment. Bu Zixia followed Confucius to Spread Confucianism. Cheng Ying saved Zhao's orphan, Sima yi built a transfer hole for soldiers. Guo Xi became a great master of landscape painter. Chen Wangting created Tai chi. Li Tangjie who is the senior statesman of three dynasties and teacher of three kings promoted the unity of each peoples in Yunnan; the world's archaeological master Dong Zuobin was known as one of "four masters on oracle bone inscriptions"; Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist cultures blended and developed. Qingliang temple built in Sui Dynasty, Tsisheng temple in Tang and Yuxian Taoist temple in Yuan not only indicate the prosperity of multiple culture, but also inherit the superb architecture, painting and sculpture. The culture of names has a long history. Wen is the origin of many family names as Wen, Su, Xing, Geng, Tan, Zhou, Kou, ect. It is also the birthplace of Bu, Shi, Chang, Cai, Fu, Sima, ect; farming culture has a long history, there are China's earliest records of wheat producing area Wen in Zuo Zhuan. Besides, there are records of "four Huai medicine" in almost all famous books on traditional Chinese medicine, "four Huai medicine" was called "Chinese medicine" in America, Europe and Southeast Asia and other countries. Tai chi culture is extensive and profound. It absorbs the essence of Chinese traditional culture and deeply admired by the world. In a word, Tai chi is the card of Wen reaching out to the world.